Patient with history of *** presents with hemoptysis, most likely due to ***. Common etiologies include infection (bronchiectasis, PNA, TB, abscess, fungal), malignancy, vascular (PE, AVM), autoimmune (GPA, SLE, Goodpastures), medications and contusion.
- Massive hemoptysis is generally defined as ~100-150ml (~half a cup) in 24 hours.
- If massive, consider urgent bronchoscopy vs CTA Chest/IR
- CBC w/ diff, CMP, ABG, type and cross, INR
- CXR, UA with micro
- Consider sputum cultures (AFB, isolation per clinical scenario), BNP
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